A technical dictionary of printmaking, André
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Tool used to work wood and linoleum. Gouges are used above all to remove the wood
or linoleum between the relief lines. In woodcutting flat and curved
gouges are used, both of which have the shape of a long spoon opened on the end and
bevelled so that they cut into the wood. Flat gouges, also called flat tools or
chisels, are used to cut away the bottom of white areas and the interior angles
while the rounded gouge is used to clean the exterior borders and to cope with
curved areas. Other types of gouges, included V-shaped ones, are used to cut away
In linoleum work, little steel gouges are secured to a pear shaped handle. Some
of these gouges are flat, others rounded, and yet others are V-shaped. These
gouges must be well sharpened since linoleum is quite abrasive and when gouges
become blunt the lines cut with them become unclear and lack in precision.
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