A technical dictionary of printmaking, André
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- In the past any printer who used some sort of
lithography as a printing technique was considered to he a
lithographer. The first lithographers also carried out all of the
steps themselves from the graining procedure to printing via the
preliminary drawing. As lithographic workshops became bigger the
work was subdivided and three distinct groups of lithographic
workers were recognized.
One group was
solely concerned with preparing the stone. The specialists in this
group were those workers who did the
The second group
did the preliminary drawings or the engraving of texts and images.
In France the
(writer lithographer) was the man who drew images and wrote
letters with a pen, the
(engraver lithographer) engraved images and letters on stone,
(drawer lithographer) drew on stone, metal, or transfer paper with
or a brush (this work could also be done in several colours).
The third group of
workers was in charge of the printing procedures and here again
there were several specialists at work. The
lithographer) was in charge of transfers using autographic paper
paper which he transferred to the stones. The
lithographe (proofing lithographer) did
the proof work, which required a great deal of skill and
did the actual printing. Depending on the size of the workshop the
various jobs could be carried out by one or more people.
In impressions coming from a workshop the name of the printer
followed by the word
appeared in the bottom margin or below the image.
- At present the word lithographer is used to
denote the artist who, unlike engravers and serigraphers, uses
lithography as his medium.
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