The primary use of cheesecloth is in some styles of cheesemaking, where it is used to remove whey from cheese curds, and to help hold the curds together as the cheese is formed.
Cheesecloth can also be used for several printmaking processes including lithography for wiping up gum arabic. In intaglio a heavily starched cheesecloth called tarlatan is used for wiping away excess ink from the printing surface.
Below you see cheesecloth enlarged detail:
Detail of Cheesecloth. Also made of cotton, but practically without glue, so the structure is looser than tarlatan. The lack of adhesive material makes it much lighter and smoother. It can be used for wiping intaglio plates, even though tarlatan is better for that purpose. In addition to the use in the cheese making, among other things this material is used in the lithography, for the application of gum arabic on the stone.